Sunday, October 23, 2016

The Civil War in Colombia ends


“…the working class cannot simply lay hold of the ready-made state machinery, and wield it for its own purposes” (Karl Marx, The Civil War in France).

The 50-year old civil war in Colombia is effectively finished.

After four years of negotiations in Havana, a ceasefire and agreement (The General Agreement for the Termination of the Conflict and the Construction of a Stable and Lasting Peace) was signed between the government of Juan Manuel Santos and the leaders of the FARC-EP guerrilla forces.

It is entirely understandable that the Colombian masses, weary of a conflict in which a quarter of a million people have died, and with no immediate prospects of a victory for the guerrilla forces, would welcome an end to civil war.  

However, they should harbour no illusions about the possibility of achieving peacefully what they could not achieve through armed struggle.

The agreement with the government covers agrarian development, political participation, decommissioning of weapons and dismantling of paramilitary groups, victims’ rights, illicit drugs and implementation measures.

These six areas of the agreement provide for very limited gains for the poor and landless, the workers and revolutionary intellectuals who have supported FARC-EP.

The attitude of the landlords and capitalists was made clear in the October 2 plebiscite which narrowly rejected the agreement.  Only 37% of registered voters took part.  The highest concentration of votes was in the big cities like Bogota and Medellin.  Here the bourgeoisie displayed their vile hatred of the poor by urging rejection of the agreement and a continuation of state violence against the guerrillas.

Ensconced behind their guarded and gated communities, behind their razor wire-topped and electric fencing, the Colombian bourgeoisie wanted to continue with a war of extermination, convinced that with US support they could finally crush the FARC-EP.  

The right-wing, religious and reactionary ruling class ran a campaign to scare itself into believing that the agreement was some sort of Chavez-style plot to make Colombia into a second Venezuela, a country in which their class brothers and sisters have loudly bemoaned restrictions on their greed and ill-gotten wealth.

The Colombian ruling class has a fairy tale in which only the FARC-EP created victims in the civil war, as a consequence of which its leaders should be tried as war criminals and executed.
FARC-EP support for the rights of LGBTI Colombians sent ruling class reactionaries to Church on Sundays to pray that such un-Christian abominations never be legalised in their deeply Catholic country.

It is this class that has shaped and owned and controlled the centralised state power of Colombia, with its death squads and paramilitary murderers thrown on top of what Marx described in relation to the French state as “its ubiquitous organs of standing army, police, bureaucracy, clergy, and judicature – organs wrought after the plan of a systematic and hierarchic division of labour”.

It is this class that rejects reconciliation and compromise and is determined to continue to use the state as “a public force organized for social enslavement” (Marx, The Civil War in France).
FARC-EP leaders say they will continue to fight for a socialist future within this already existing Colombian state.

They and Santos have vowed to adhere to the agreement despite the No vote in the plebiscite.
It is absolutely the case that just as there is a time to pick up the gun, so there is a time to put it down.  

It is also regrettably the case that only one side will be laying down its weapons under the agreement.

Sunday, October 16, 2016

Cleaning industry workers fighting for a fair deal once again

Ned K.

It was in the dying days of the Howard Government's Work Choices that contract cleaners in city office buildings combined together to win pattern collective Agreements which increase their wages by nearly 40% in four years, job security at change of contract and an increase in minimum shift time from 2 hours to 4 hours.

Once the Agreements were implemented, the ruling class representatives in the property services sector and their subservient contract cleaning companies did their utmost to prevent the spread of the cleaners' gains to other sectors such as shopping centres.

Some big property owners colluded with the cleaning companies to create new employing entities to try and avoid compliance with the terms and conditions of the cleaners' newly won collective Agreements. By the nominal expiry date of the Agreements in 2013, property owners through the Property Council of Australia gave the order to cleaning companies not to negotiate any new Agreements with cleaners and their union United Voice.

The cleaning companies also set about de-unionizing the cleaning workforce by restricting organizing rights of the cleaners' union and selective hiring of cleaners whom they anticipated would be least likely to join a union. There were a few exceptions with some property owners deciding to ignore the Property Council thinking that it was best to not "take on" the cleaners again and lose as they had done in 2007-8.

By 2013 the high turnover of labour in the cleaning industry meant that many cleaners had not participated in the initial struggle to win better pay and conditions back in 2007-8. So the majority of office cleaners decided not to push for new Agreements provided they maintained the superior above-award conditions contained in the initial collective Agreements. This was understandable but proved to be a mistake.

Once the wage gap narrowed between the nominally expired Agreement and the award, the cleaning companies, supported by the Property Council of Australia decided to apply to the Fair Work Commission to terminate the Agreements and push city office cleaners back to the minimum award conditions.

Whether they succeed in dong this remains to be seen as cleaners' resistance to this latest move by the greedy property owners and the cleaning companies they control gains momentum.

The attack on cleaners' working conditions is part of the overall attack on workers in Australia at the moment. It seems that even the very restrictive potential power that workers have in a bargaining period is too much for the ruling class to tolerate, particularly in the ruling class's "non-core" sectors such as contract cleaning. The exceptions are in some "core" sectors where the ruling class reluctantly accepts some collective voice of workers but uses the enterprise specific bargaining system and restrictive worker rights that go with it to contain struggle and minimize any gains made by workers.

An interim demand to combat this situation is for industry-wide collective bargaining and the right of workers to take industrial action across workplaces and outside of the short bargaining period.

For the longer term workers are learning through these experiences of short term wins being taken back by the capitalists at first opportunity, that the only answer is for the workers themselves as a class to become the ruling class of society.

Digital Age based on capitalist exploitation of workers

Ned K.

Hundreds of millions of people rely on computers and mobile phones to communicate for business and recreational purposes.

Just as the industrialization of the 1800s and 1900s in western Europe and the USA relied on extraction of coal from the ground with great exploitation of workers including premature deaths of many, so the digital age of the 21st Century relies on extraction of precious metals to manufacture mobile phones, computers and now batteries for electric cars. 

According to the Washington Post writer, Todd Frankel, the essential metal to electronic devices is cobalt. Sixty percent of the electronic communications corporations' supply of cobalt comes from the Republic of the Congo. 

Cobalt is essential in mobile phone and other electronic devices to provide sustainable performance of the devices. Multinational corporations have been trying to find alternatives to cobalt but without success. The mining of cobalt is carried out in the Congo by at least 100,000 "artisan miners" who dig out the mineral ore by hand and pick from wherever they can find it.

Frankel gives one example of miners digging shallow shafts under the dirt floors of their own homes in order to extract enough cobalt to find a buyer and enough money to buy a sack of flour to feed their families. The cobalt is then sent through a pyramid business structure until the cobalt finds its way in to a Samsung Smart Phone or now, a battery cell for an electronic car.

Frankel says that the dependence on electric car batteries on cobalt for their performance has intensified the competition between corporations for this mineral. Most of the cobalt finds its way to the electronic communications corporations through a Chinese-owned cobalt supplier, Congo DongFeng International Mining.

However it has not resulted in an increase of the incomes and standard of living of the miners in the Congo. The miners are called "diggers" because that is what they do. They dig tunnels literally by hand deep under the ground in search of the cobalt. Their income, when paid, is on average $2.65 to $6 per day. Frankel says that there is increasing evidence of health problems not only for the miners but in their communities with serious birth defects appearing in new born children in the mining communities.

The miners are in the early stages of forming a union but due to the primitive methods of production, isolation of miners from one another and the corrupt, repressive political environment in the Congo, it will take time for effective organisation of cobalt miners to develop. However as with the coal miners of the 1800s in Europe, the miners’ exploitation will be subjected to growing struggle from the miners themselves.

So next time your mobile phone does not "perform" as well as you have come to expect, spare a thought for the cobalt miners of the Congo and remember that the phone in your hand may have been made at the cost of a miner's life or a serious defect in a new born African child.

Thousands rally against SA nuclear dump proposals

Nick G.

On Saturday October 15, four thousand people gathered at Parliament House, Adelaide, to oppose proposals for two nuclear waste dumps in SA.

One is a low level waste dump proposed by the federal government for Wallaberdina in the Flinders Ranges.  The other is for a high level waste dump for overseas nuclear waste, recommended by a SA Royal Commission.

Nuclear dumps currently illegal in SA

Under current state legislation introduced by the Olsen Liberals and strengthened by Rann Labor, it is illegal to operate a nuclear waste facility in SA or to import or transport nuclear waste in SA.

This legislation came about largely by the actions of the Kupa Piti Kungka Tjuta (the Anangu women of Coober Pedy) who led a campaign against a 1998 Howard Government proposal for a nuclear waste dump in SA.

In 2004, following Howard’s conceding defeat on the issue, three of those women, Eileen Kampakuta Brown, Ivy Makinti Stewart and Angelina Wonga issued a statement that began: “People said that you can’t win against the Government. Just a few women. We just kept talking and telling them to get their ears out of their pockets and listen. We never said we were going to give up. Government has big money to buy their way out but we never gave up…money doesn’t win.”

Weatherill betrays historic Aboriginal-led victory

In mid-2012, Eileen Kampakuta Brown, and another Kungka Tjuta activist, Eileen Unkari Crombie, died within weeks of each other at Coober Pedy.

If there had been the slightest shred of human decency in the cesspit of parliamentary politics, the inspiring legacy of these women would have seen statues of them erected on the steps of the State Parliament as a permanent reminder of the resilience, optimism and integrity of those who fight for the rights of the people.

Instead SA Premier Jay Weatherill effectively spat on their graves by amending the legislation they had won to enable the creation of a Royal Commission into SA’s nuclear future.
Section 13 of the Nuclear Waste Storage Facility (Prohibition) Act 2000 had previously read:

…no public money may be appropriated, expended or advanced to any person for the purpose of encouraging or financing any activity associated with the construction or operation of a nuclear waste storage facility in this State.

Weatherill’s amendment made this part (1) of the section, followed by a new part (2), which read:

Subsection (1) does not prohibit the appropriation, expenditure or advancement to a person of public money for the purpose of encouraging or financing community consultation or debate on the desirability or otherwise of constructing or operating a nuclear waste storage facility in this State.

The effect of this change to the Act was to remove from Weatherill the political stigma of advocating an illegal action, namely the creation of a nuclear dump in SA, and giving that responsibility to a so-called “independent” Royal Commission to conduct under the guise of “community consultation” and “debate”.

Such is the integrity, the respect for Aboriginal self-determination, for the outcomes of community struggles to prevent SA becoming a nuclear waste dump of a “left” social democrat!

Such is the pea and thimble trickery and chicanery of a “left” social democrat!

Such is the absolute bankruptcy of political principle embedded in a “left” social democrat!

Such is the “softly, softly catchee dumpee” approach of the quietly-spoken, mild-mannered “left” social democrat Jay Weatherill!

SA Unions calls for protest at ALP state convention

The 4000 people who gathered to dump the dump have seen through Weatherill.

Led by Aboriginal community leaders including Anangu woman Karina Lester (above, daughter of Yami Lester who was blinded as a child by fallout from one of the Maralinga A-bomb tests) and Adnyamathanha  elder Regina McKenzie, speaker after speaker at the rally denounced the waste dump plans.

One of the few non-Indigenous speakers, SA Unions’ state secretary Joe Szakacs, (left) noted that the no dump campaign was occurring in the 50th anniversary year of the great Gurindji walk-off from Lord Vestey’s Wave Hill cattle station in the NT.  He paid tribute to the unions which had supported and sustained the walk-off and pledged that the union movement would always stand shoulder-to-shoulder with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders.

He called on rally participants to make sure they also rallied outside the ALP state convention on October 29 to support ALP members inside the convention who would be speaking against the nuclear waste dumps.

Four thousand people is just a start.

From little things big things grow!

Further reference:

Monday, October 10, 2016

Protest action at Pine Gap spy base targets US imperialism


On Sunday morning 2 October, in rounding off a week of national peace and anti-war activities in Alice Springs, 100 people rallied outside the gates of Pine Gap, the US military spy base near Alice Springs singing a new powerful song especially written for the occasion, calling for Australia’s independence from the USA.

Significantly it was sung on the weekend of the AFL Grand Final to the tune of “Up there Cazaly”.  These fine sentiments really sum up the vision for a different future for Australia and its people.

Up there Australia
Stand up and fight
For our independence
From USA might
Out with their bases
No more of their wars
Peace with all nations
When we’re out of their claws

Up there Australia
In there and fight
For our independence
From USA might
A mixture of cultures
Let’s walk hand in hand
Respecting the people
Who first walked this land

Up there Australia
In there and fight
For our independence
From USA might
Peace for the future
That’s what we believe
And sharing our country
With all those in need

In the last week of September and the first weekend of October several hundred people from around Australia gathered in the central Australian town of Alice Springs to mark the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the nearby US-controlled Pine Gap spy base, and 40 years of campaigning by the Australian people to expose and close down the foreign military base.

In today’s world of worsening capitalist economic crisis, military build up and rising international tensions instigated mainly by the US, the threat of major wars in East Europe and the South China Sea is very real. 

In Australia there are growing concerns and disquiet with the US control of Australia’s foreign and military policies and defence operations. There are deepening concerns with Australia’s main parliamentary parties’ subservience and acquiescence to the US as its deputy sheriff. The integration and interoperability of Australia’s military and defence with the US imperialist war machine is worrying more people, including a growing number  of  academics and Australia’s military personnel. The complicity and servility of successive Australian governments and the two major parliamentary parties to US imperialism is more widely felt and recognised.

Against this background a National Peace and Anti-War Gathering was held in the town of Alice Springs and outside the gates of Pine Gap, one of the most highly secretive and important US military spy bases in the world, 19 kilometres from Alice Springs.

More than 30 peace and anti-war groups and community organisations came together from around Australia in a week of diverse and creative activities to throw the spotlight on the operations of the spy base and call on Australia to adopt an independent and peaceful foreign policy and disengage from the US global war machine.

Several peaceful protests were held outside the Pine Gap base; leaflets were handed out to the local community; Quaker Grandmothers for Peace blocked the road to Pine Gap; a group of peace activists chained themselves to US multinational Raytheon weapons manufacturer’s gates; and other activities engaging the local community were held throughout the week.

Representatives from the local Indigenous traditional custodians, the Arrernte people, spoke several times outside the Pine Gap gates reminding the world that Pine Gap occupies stolen land and there was no consultation or permission sought from the traditional custodians to build the US military spy base on their land.

Public Forum
On Friday evening 30 September the Independent and Peaceful Australia Network (IPAN) held a well-attended public information forum in the town, and its annual national conference on the following day. In the months leading up to the 50 year anniversary protest activities there was concerted work done by local townspeople to spread information about Pine Gap. The local campaign and the posters and leaflets on display in shop windows generated a lot of interest in the town and more than 170 people attended the Friday night forum “Pine Gap: Secrets in the Centre”.

IPAN is a national network of more than 30 affiliated peace and anti-war organisations, community groups and unions who support an independent and peaceful Australian foreign policy, oppose US military bases on Australian soil and the stationing of US marines in Darwin.  IPAN is a growing national network with expanding and strengthening links with similar anti-foreign bases groups in the Asia-Pacific region.

Professor Richard Tanter from the Nautilus Institute of Melbourne University gave a detailed presentation which explained the various functions of Pine Gap in its service to the strategic and military interests of US imperialism. He revealed how the base has enhanced its role from military communications and intelligence gathering into missile and drone targeting and space warfare capabilities.

Although nominally a “joint defence facility”, Professor Tanter saw the role of the Australian personnel at the base as very much secondary to the controlling role of the US. This was exercised by the US military through the US National Reconnaissance Office and the Central Intelligence Agency, with much of the detailed work now being conducted by the US weapons manufacturers Raytheon Corporation, Lockheed Martin and other big private contractors. The Australians allegedly get access to the information collected, but not to the US coded messages sent back to the Pentagon!

Some of these messages contain coordinates for targeting drone attacks and assassinations of US ‘enemies’ in countries such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Somalia and Yemen. These extrajudicial killings are frequently accompanied by ‘collateral damage’ inflicted on innocent civilians and families of the targeted people.

There are no formal charges, arrests or trials – just the word of US imperialism that this is all necessary to defeat ‘terrorism’. Our subservient governments, past and present, by their silence have made Australia complicit in these war crimes against humanity.  

Professor Lisa Natividad from the University of Guam spoke of the continuing struggle of her people against the US military occupation of their island. More than 30% of the land area is taken over for US military storage and training purposes, with constant aircraft and helicopter movements day and night. Guam is a US colonial possession, but its citizens have limited voting and civil rights, and lesser government services than other holders of a US passport.

To make way for the recent transfer of troops from Okinawa onto Guam, more areas became restricted, denying people access to their lands, and whole villages were disrupted. This was in addition to the ‘normal’ level of harassment and abuse of continued US military occupation.

In spite of this, the people of Guam are not intimidated and are an important voice in the growth and development of anti-war and anti-imperialist unity in the Asia-Pacific region.

Professor Kosuzu Abe from the University of Ryukyus, Okinawa, told the forum about the many years of struggle and resistance of the people of Okinawa against the US military occupation of Japan’s southern island. This struggle had forced the US government to reduce the number of its troops stationed in Okinawa, with some transferred to Guam and others being shifted to new bases in the north of the island. Several organisations were active in opposing US war preparations and were cooperating for large mobilisations. As with Guam, the people of Okinawa were paying a high price for the US occupation, with stolen land and crimes of violence and abuse never brought to justice.

Both Lisa Natividad and Kosuzu Abe told the public forum that the presence of US bases and stationing tens of thousands of troops in Okinawa and Guam is a form of colonialism.  They stressed the importance of expressions of international solidarity and how much this gave encouragement to their people in struggle. 

The final speaker at the forum was Senator Scott Ludlam from the Australian Greens. He reflected on the recent history of both Labor and Coalition governments, keen to outdo each other in proving themselves as the best ‘US deputy sheriff’ by pandering to the strategic agenda of the US military and its corporate arms manufacturers.

There was also a different history – of protests and opposition to Pine Gap and the other US military bases – North West Cape, Nurrungar and now Darwin, which is hosting a permanent stockpile of US Marines, warplanes, tanks and military equipment.

Pine Gap has always been recognised as the most important and critical base for US global war planning and for this reason has attracted the most opposition. Not only does the existence and function of Pine Gap trample all over Australian independence and sovreignty, it is almost certainly a nuclear target in any war between the USA and either China or Russia.

Senator Ludlam could see no benefit to the Australian people from the Pine Gap base, but plenty of danger as the threat of war was increasing over the South China Sea and the US military ‘pivot’ to tighten the encirclement of China. The closure and removal of Pine Gap was the only sensible option.

The public forum concluded with the panel of speakers responding to audience questions and continued with many lively discussions into the evening.

IPAN National Conference
The next day Saturday 1st October 140 national delegates and members of local community came together for the IPAN National Conference, Pine Gap:  Serving US militarism for 50 years  -  Time for Independence.

Messages of solidarity and support were received from New Zealand, Canada and the Philippines.  Videos of solidarity messages were exchanged between IPAN National Conference and the International Global Campaign on Military Spending Congress being held in Berlin on the same weekend. An IPAN representative was attending the International Congress and spoke at two of its sessions.

IPAN’S National Conference was packed with comprehensive and detailed facts and information. Four panels of speakers led presentation sessions and discussions on issues such as...
  • Whether US bases at Pine Gap, Darwin and the region were a threat to peace and security in Australia and Asia-Pacific
  • War with China?
  • Examining the costs of the US Alliance and preparations for War vs. Defence
  • Health perspective – presented by Medical Association for Prevention of War
  • Economic and social costs from a unions’ perspective (extracts below)
  • Mass surveillance
  • Nuclear and drone warfare
(Below are extracts from a union activist’s presentation on costs of the US-Australia military alliance to working people)

“To various degrees unions have always campaigned against Australia’s involvement in imperialist wars.  This is because it’s the ordinary people, workers and working people who are the cannon fodder in the imperial profiteers’ wars to capture resources and global spheres of dominance. It’s the ordinary people who in tens of thousands die or are left injured, homeless, living in poverty and hunger in devastated countries. 

They are the so-called collateral damage, the new sanitized description of mass slaughter.  And as we meet here today we are reminded of Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya and the growing tensions in Asia-Pacific and East Europe.

“Unions also oppose wars because it’s the working people who pay a high price for these wars with peoples’ taxes diverted from social and community services, welfare, health and education and building a peaceful and sustainable world.

“Australia was colonised in 1788 by the British imperial invasion which violently dispossessed Australia’s First Nations people who have been the custodians and carers of this land for more than 40,000 years.  The Indigenous people never relinquished their custody of this land and culture and their struggle continues today.

“The colonial authority enforced Britain’s own foreign and domestic policies on its new colony, Australia.   The legacy of that colonial past continues today. The difference being the British have been replaced by the US, and the control over our foreign and defence policies is more subtle.  The vestiges of this long dependency are still with us today in the form of the US-Australia alliance.  The British flag has been replaced by the American flag.
“Australia’s national defence and foreign policies have echoed and unquestioningly supported these imperial powers’ global military interests and their wars.  Successive Australian governments’ foreign and defence policies have been an extension of first the British and now US policies. We fought, and continue to fight, against countries that pose no threat to Australia’s security, peace and safety, and with whom Australia had never been in conflict or dispute – the British war in Sudan, the Boer War 1895, 1st WW, Korean War, Vietnam War, Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria.  Only in WW2 did Australian military forces serve the Australian people.

“Since European colonisation, significant parts of Australia’s defence budget and public spending have been exclusively servicing British and US global military agendas and their foreign wars.  Today, the Australian government purchases most of the weaponry designed for offensive warfare from multinational arms manufacturers who stand to profit enormously from a world that’s in a perpetual state of conflict, mass slaughter, and preparations for more wars.

“Much of the recently acquired weaponry, hardware and arms procurement is from the US multinational arms manufacturers – Raytheon, Lockheed Martin, IBM, Boeing, General Electric, etc.  Australia is purchasing from the US, 75 F35 joint strike fighters war planes at a cost of $10 billion; and 12 Barracuda submarines from France (member of NATO), at a cost  of $50 billion. This hardware is specifically designed and built for long range warfare, and is an important part of interoperability with US offensive military machine, not for the defence of Australia’s sovereignty. This is another price we pay for being in the US-Australia alliance.

“Instead of spending ordinary people’s taxes on services for the people – health, education, public infrastructure, welfare and community services, pensions for single parents, people with disabilities, the elderly, the unemployed, and protecting the environment – public funds are spent on servicing US foreign wars of aggression and the multinational arms manufacturers. This should be of great concern to unions and working people generally.

“The US Pivot into Asia-Pacific publicly announced by Obama in the Australian parliament will see 60% of US global military moved into our region.  And who will carry the costs for the Pivot?
“After Obama and Clinton publicly announced the Pivot, to the loud applause and acclamation by the 2 main parliamentary parties, the US told the Australian government it wanted Australia to spend $2.3 billion on upgrading and building military infrastructure for stationing US marines in Darwin.

“Another cost of US-Australia alliance and its even deeper integration and inoperability into US military is the destruction of Australia’s “defence” manufacturing industries. Australia’s “defence” industries are now being increasingly forced to import more expensive offensive hardware from mainly US multinational arms corporations.  This imported weaponry is designed for offensive aggression and of which Australia has no need for the defence of our sovereignty, but is increasing the “defence” budget and destroying hundreds of jobs and livelihood for hundreds of workers in Australia.

“Over the past 10-15 years tens of thousands of jobs in the manufacturing industries have been lost as corporations shift production to low wage countries. Jobs and permanent work is the only livelihood and security the great majority working people have. In contrast, a government run and an independent self-defence manufacturing industry that builds military hardware for Australia’s self-defence is a viable and plausible alternative that can provide security for workers and Australia’s self-defence capabilities.

“A genuinely independent and peaceful Australia would develop government-run local manufacturing industries that would include the production of self-defence equipment, and build socially useful infrastructure to advance the needs of the people and the environment – extensive public transport, medical,  scientific and educational research and development.  These industries would provide socially useful jobs for workers in clean, sustainable industries that build security and peace, not wars.  To support local manufacturing industries and jobs a policy of local procurement in self-defence industries should be implemented.  This would entail using local materials and building locally manufactured patrol boats and planes, submarines and ships for local sea lanes and coastal defence, locally made uniforms and equipment.

“The US Pivot into Asia-Pacific also has an economic side called the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement which advances the interests of global corporations over the interests of people and national sovereignty. The TPP has been strongly opposed by the union movement.
“There are many other costs of the US-Australia alliance to Australia’s working people and our national interest.  Just to mention a few:

-    Political sovereignty and independence – 1975, Pine Gap and Whitlam government
-    Australia’s complicity in US murderous wars, drones, assassinations
-    The war on terror and erosion of civil liberties and democratic rights”

Other Conference topics and presentations included:

•    Indigenous experience of military abuse of people and land – speakers included  local Indigenous communities and Lisa Natividad
•    A faith perspective on  imperialism and US war preparations
•    Learning from past campaigns to envision an independent and peaceful foreign policy
A brief presentation was made on behalf of IPAN’s national co-ordinating committee outlining a broad vision for an Independent and Peaceful Australia:(Extracts )

“We believe a people’s vision for an independent and peaceful Australia is the only viable and practical alternative to the present subservience and integration into US militarism.

“What would an independent and peaceful Australian foreign policy look like? We hope some of these points will inspire positive and unifying discussion and broadening the campaign for peace and independence.

1.    Treaty with Australia’s First Nation People
2.    Establish independent working relationships with countries, especially in our region, based on mutual respect, equality and national sovereignty. Promote peaceful resolutions of conflict between countries through negotiations and diplomacy, see IPAN’s Statement on the South China Sea Territorial Dispute.
3.    Extend aid programs in the region, including countries affected by devastations of climate change and military conflicts.
4.    Assert our independence and sovreignty in our relationship with the US, and any other big power. The US is presently the most aggressive war-driven armed to the teeth power in the world and the main instigator of wars around the world.
5.    Ensure the military and economic interests of big powers and multinational corporations do not override the welfare, safety and security of the Australian people and the environment
6.    Bring home Australian military forces from Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria and other parts of the world immediately (eg Philippines, Japan)
7.    Remove foreign military bases and troops from Australia and withdraw from the US-Australia Alliance to secure genuine and lasting independence from big power dominance and our involvement in foreign wars
8.    Internationally, vigorously promote the banning and destruction of all nuclear weapons and stop the arms race
9.    The savings made from current expenditure on foreign wars and interoperability with the US global war machine will be re-directed to social and community services – more hospitals, doctors, nurses, teachers, schools, support for struggling farmers, people on disability, single parents and unemployment pensions, protection for the environment, and more
10.    Develop Australia’s self-reliant, self-defence industries and assert our independence from the US military apparatus. End military interoperability and integration into the US war machine. The technology presently used for offensive and aggressive warfare should be re-directed towards Australia’s self-defence and improving and securing people’s lives and the environment. Re-tooled, re-engineered and re-designed local manufacturing industries will provide jobs for workers in industries that build security and peace, not the profits of war.
11.    Restructure armed forces for self-defence of Australia and civil emergencies
12.    Declare Australia an independent and peaceful country
13.    Close all refugee detention camps and implement efficient and speedy processing of asylum seekers
14.    Internationally, campaign to end wars and poverty and uphold self-determination and sovreignty of countries
15.    An independent foreign policy of Australia would embrace economic sovereignty, and fair and equal policies and trade between countries rather than the neo-liberal corporate policies”

Each session was followed by brief questions to the panel members before the conference broke up into four workshops to pinpoint suggested actions and demands for the year ahead. The workshops considered four key areas:

•    Nuclear weapons and Australia
•    Foreign troops off Australian land – Close US bases
•    Armed Neutrality – strategy for independence and peace?
•    Building a broad movement for peace, justice and independence

At least a dozen or more suggestions were put forward from the workshops and these will be prioritised by the IPAN National Committee and circulated to the various affiliates for comment.

During the week of activities in Alice Springs and outside Pine Gap two permanent Peace campsites were established on the side of the road outside the Pine Gap base, from where several protest actions were launched, plus a successful exposure of the secretive and unmarked US multinational weapons manufacturer Raytheon office in the township. Early in the morning several protesters chained themselves to the gates, preventing staff from entering and highlighting the key role this murderous company has in the operations of Pine Gap.

(On several occasions the conference was briefly interrupted by muffled outbursts from Bulldogs fans when scores from the Australian Football League Grand Final in Melbourne indicated that the team from working class Footscray (in Melbourne) was on the verge of winning. At the conclusion of the conference the Swans supporters briefly disappeared to lick their wounds and recover from deep disappointment.  Nevertheless, in the true spirit of working class western suburbs solidarity and the national gathering for peace they were warmly embraced by the Bulldogs fans.)

What emerged from the conference was a clear consensus to close Pine Gap and expel US Marines from Darwin. Many delegates felt that this would only happen when the US Alliance was rejected and the ANZUS Treaty discarded. Unfortunately the crowded agenda left little time to debate much of this and other important issues raised by delegates, but nevertheless the conference ended on a positive and united note.

In the evening, a candlelight procession from Anzac Hill was followed by a shared meal next to the Todd River.

Cavalcade to Pine Gap – Picnic at Pine Gap 2016

On the Sunday morning more than 30 cars assembled with banners and balloons, and set off in convoy to the gates of the Pine Gap base for another protest rally with speeches and demands to close Pine Gap.  This was a repeat of the Picnic at Pine Gap held at the first Pine Gap protest in 1976.

The road to Pine Gap was blocked off to cars two hundred metres from the gates of the base.  Protestors were frisked by Northern Territory police before we were allowed to walk through the road block to the gates, where 30 Federal police were guarding US military and spy installation.

The protestors were extensively photographed by a US agent with a long lens camera.
A letter addressed to Chief of Base Operations, a CIA high ranking staffer, and signed by IPAN National Committee members was handed  to the senior Federal Police officer with request to deliver the letter to the Chief of Base Operations in command of the Pine Gap base. A solitary peppercorn accompanied the letter, being the return of rent paid by the USA for their bases in Australia. The letter read:

MS Amy Chapult,

Following the well attended and successful conference organised by the Independent and Peaceful Australian Network (IPAN) at Alice Springs this weekend, it was determined that:

1.      The Pine Gap facility is a threat to peace for the people of Australia and Alice Springs, in particular
2.      The illegal drone assassination program perpetrated by the United States with the assistance of Pine Gap makes the Australian people complicit in this illegal activity.

For these reasons, IPAN, on behalf of all concerned people of Australia, calls for the immediate cessation of this illegal drone program and the termination of the Pine Gap facilities as soon as possible. Australia will then be a safer place for all of us.

 Yours in peace
 (IPAN Committee members)

Wednesday, September 21, 2016

Statement from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Australia (Marxist-Leninist)

This statement from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Australia (Marxist-Leninist) offers an overview on key economic and political conditions and tasks.

The economic and political crisis of monopoly capital

World- wide, monopoly capitalism is in a major crisis.  Internationally, there’s a strong general trend towards a major crisis that is increasingly unavoidable.   The economic and political crisis is uneven and characterised by each country’s own specific and distinct historical and national class features. And even within each national circumstance there are uneven and contradictory developments.

This report mainly, and very briefly, attempts to outline the general trends globally, with more attention to Australia’s specific characteristics.

Globally, there is excess production (overproduction) and unprecedented high levels of unproductive finance capital sloshing around the world desperately searching for profit-yielding investments. As markets are over-flowing with excess supplies, and production of commodities winds down globally, the arms manufacturing monopolies are expanding as the most lucrative source of profit for industrially-invested capital. 

Capital shifted into the services industries, health, education, hospitality, public services is unproductive from the viewpoint of private capital accumulation.  Sourced mainly from federal and state governments, it is resented by the big monopoly capitalists who, despite paying no or little tax, are reluctant to part with even a cent for the sake of services to the people.  Privatisation of previously capitalist state-owned and run public services has reached unparalleled levels.
The monopolisation of production and finance capital is reaching its peak and little is left of bourgeois state-owned assets in most parts of the capitalist world.  Finance capital is stumbling under its own weight of enormous debt.

Any legal obstructions to maximising and seizing new sources of investment and profit, including sovereign rights, are either weakened or removed altogether to enable capital to capture more markets and intensify the exploitation of labour and the environment (imperialist “free” trade pacts – TPP, TTIP, TISA, are created as a solution). 

Capitalism has well and truly reached its use-by date.  It has reached a point of not only holding back the development of productive forces but is now destroying the same immense productive forces it created.

Capitalism is now an obstacle to the advancement and progress of technological, scientific and human development on a number of fronts, including climate change, medical and educational progress.  Capitalism is obstructing technology and science from serving the people and protecting the environment.   The present anarchy and chaos of the capitalist mode of production and the bourgeois class relations of production are intensifying the contradictions between capital and labour.  Imperialist expansion is finite and is now accelerating the crisis.
The economic and political crisis of monopoly capital is intensifying the competition amongst industrial-finance capital and different groups of imperialist blocs.

Inevitably, people’s resistance to capitalist crises will also grow and develop, and the capitalist state will resort to more open force to suppress the people’s struggle.

Preparations for major wars between old and emerging imperialist powers are building up
US imperialism is presently the most powerful and aggressive super-power militarily, and the main instigator and aggressor of military conflicts, imperialist wars, destabilisation of sovereign governments, coups, and assassinations of millions of people through wars; destroying anything or anyone standing in its way, or challenging its economic and military world hegemony. Militarily it has proven incapable of effecting regime change in Syria despite the huge numbers of dead it has left in its wake.  Its economic power is weakening under its own debt crisis and excess capacity.  Politically, it’s taking on more features of a fascist state.

US imperialism targets its main competitors Russia and China, whose present economic growth and development is founded on their former socialist economic base.

The Middle East is in a state of perpetual imperialist inflicted wars.  US and European imperialism gave birth to ISIS and continue to cultivate it, or back the supposedly ‘sanitised’ Al Queda off-shoot Al Nusra Front.  These monsters are created by US imperialism and Israel, which is its economic and military outpost in the Middle East. 

Russia and China are US and EU next targets, with Ukraine and the South China Sea used as a launching pad for US imperialist provocations. 


As international monopoly capitalism (imperialism) plunges into a deeper economic crisis so are the political institutions of bourgeois democracy – the superstructure.

In times of capitalist economic crisis, there’s less room for monopoly capitalism and imperialism to manoeuvre under its political system of bourgeois democracy.  There’s less economic capacity for reforms that benefit the people.  The only growth comes from moving more assets away from the people to capital.  There are fewer markets to capture and re-divide, ballooning unproductive capital and debt, overproduction, the falling rate of profit and growing resistance by the working people to escalating attacks on living standards, workers’ rights, collective organisations, wages, conditions, jobs, the environment and sovereignty.  Social democracy is much harder to maintain even though it is the most effective method for the bourgeoisie to control the working class.  

Social Democracy

The economic crisis of capitalism is creating a political crisis of social democracy with its bourgeois parliamentarism and governments.

Bourgeois social democracy gives rise to ideas that “greed” and the “excesses” of the capitalist system can be removed, modified or reformed ; that capitalism has the capacity to treat all classes fairly and equally;  that capitalism can reconcile class contradictions and antagonism;  that “class war is over”, as one militant unionist was overheard saying.  All that’s required, claims the “ideology” of social democracy, is to get rid of rotten apples in political parties or change governments.  During times of economic boom that illusion is reinforced with capital having a limited economic capacity to make some concessions to workers’ demands and struggles, without the status quo being challenged, and with an added bonus of reinforcing faith in the system and the people’s continuing consent.  Change through parliament as the only means through which people’s needs and demands can be achieved strengthens the illusion and diffuses people’s struggle.  We’ve seen this time after time.

This is not to undervalue or denigrate in any way the important mass struggles of the working class and the people for reforms.

Parliamentary democracy is the most important and effective form of governance by bourgeois social democracy in its effectiveness to control the people.

The strong and wide support for Bernie Sanders and Donald Trump in the US, Jeremy Corbyn and Brexit in England, and in Australia the support for smaller parties and independents who appear to reflect more closely the concerns of the people, are expressions of mass opposition to monopoly capital’s austerity and attacks on people’s livelihoods.  It is the deepening disillusionment and rejection of imperialism’s main political parties.  

It is also an indicator of the continuing faith in social and parliamentary democracy which is embedded in the minds of large sections of the people (but at its weakest in the working class).  However, there is a growing movement away from bourgeois democracy as seen in the upheavals in France, other parts of Europe and in the US.

No doubt the absence of a unified, revolutionary working class leadership and movement leaves workers and others nowhere to go beyond parliamentary politics.

The people do feel the system is failing them and it’s expressed through the rejection of main parliamentary parties and main politicians. The overall trend is shifting away from support for main parties, and to a lesser degree from parliamentary democracy.

Nevertheless, the economic instability and political uncertainty seeping into bourgeois parliamentary democracy is creating chaos in the ruling classes of monopoly capital and its political parties.   Differences in tactics, rivalries and allegiances between different sections of big capital are eroding the previous parliamentary “stability”.

Bourgeois social democracy has hit a brick wall. Capital has fewer and fewer options to control the people and solve its economic crisis.

The compulsion and necessity to go to war is increasingly becoming the only or one of very few, of capital’s options to rescue the capitalist economy and its political institutions.  However, as Mao exposed through the science of dialectics, either the people will stop the outbreak of imperialist wars, or wars will unleash revolutionary struggle and movements that will stop the war.

Imperialist globalisation or neo-liberalism and other titles it goes by, is not an ideology, a thought bubble or an economic theory created by think tanks, ultra conservatives, politicians and bourgeois economists, to rescue capitalism.  It is in fact a material force that arises from the necessity and compulsion for capital to constantly expand and increase the rate of profit, to survive.  It is inherent to monopoly capitalism.   Imperialism and monopoly capital can’t be reformed, regulated and given a more humane face because during the economic crisis its survival depends entirely on intensified exploitation and oppression. 

It is the task of revolutionary Marxism to explain and expose scientifically to the working class the material forces of monopoly capitalism and imperialism, and why they can’t be regulated and reformed.  That task includes explaining the necessity of breaking the capitalist relations of production.  Workers instinctively understand the capitalist class relations when the science of Marxism is presented in concrete and relevant ways and connected to struggles.

Australia – battle ground between US and Chinese capital ?

In Australia, the economic, political and military domination by imperialism is deepening, and goes hand in hand with governments’ austerity policies. Contradictions between the Australian people and imperialism are sharpening.

Economically, the US and European imperialists are dominant, whilst China’s capital is growing. The recent appearance of China’s capital investments may seem in some ways to complicate the development of the anti- US imperialist movement.  There are differences within the imperialist and local bourgeois ruling class on how to handle China’s capital investments and the economic and military relations between the US and China.

There is both conflict with and increasing dependency on China’s capital.  The anti-China section of the ruling class, driven by US imperialism, has started taking advantage of the anti-imperialist pro-independence sentiment among sections of the people.  However, this also opens up more opportunities to strengthen the revolutionary anti-imperialist forces’ demands for genuine anti-imperialist independence from all foreign capital and big powers. 

Politically and militarily Australia’s ruling class is enmeshed in US imperialism.  US corporations have long controlled Australia’s key economic sectors, what Lenin called the commanding heights of the economy. In the main, the two major parliamentary parties, Labor and the Liberal-Nationals, act in unison in their support for US imperialism, protecting and administering US domination in Australia.   While at times there are appearances in differences in tactics, subservience to US imperialism is never challenged by the main parties.  

Both parties support the TPP, exhibit servile support for US military aggression and integration into the US industrial-military complex – Raytheon, Lockheed Martin, Boeing, etc.  There are differences within both parties on how to handle China.

Australia is becoming an even more critically important military and economic outpost for US imperialism, not only through extensive integration into the US military machine, but also as an outpost and an important base for its arms manufacturing.  Raytheon, the Lockheed Martin so-called research centre in Melbourne, and other US arms manufacturing are expanding their branches in Australia.

New US bases are built and older ones are expanded and brought back into operations.  US marines will now be permanently stationed in Darwin.  Strategically Pine Gap is the most important US military/spy base in Asia-Pacific.  Australia is a loyal US agent and proxy in US war preparations and provocations in South China Sea.

Imperialism is wiping out manufacturing industries in Australia; worldwide excess capacity (overproduction) and a drop in the price of minerals is winding down the boom in the mining industry; whilst the US weapons manufacturing  is expanding across the world.  US imperialist strategy is to lock Australia tighter into its economic and military hegemony and sphere of influence.   Australia is a battle ground of competition by US and China’s capital. 

Working Class

The bankruptcy and treachery of social democracy is experienced by the working class no deeper than through the ALP control of unions. Bourgeois social democracy can no longer deliver even the most minimum reforms to the working class.  It’s a ball and chain for restraining workers’ resistance to austerity and attacks on job security, conditions and the right to organise.  Social democracy ensures workers confine their struggle solely within parliamentarism, against the Coalition, company CEOs and individual bosses.  Taking a step further and making connections between the struggle and the ruling class of big business (foreign and local), running the country is avoided at all cost, to safeguard the ALP.

Generally speaking, many workers have little confidence in unions to protect jobs, conditions, manufacturing industries and wages.  The main exceptions are the traditionally strong unions in construction and the maritime industries.  Despite the difficulties in a period of low participation by workers in unions, many honest and dedicated union activists have thrown their heart and soul into defending workers and building a powerful working class movement around its own class agenda. It is an independent agenda because it contains demands ALP social democrats are unwilling to support, and actions in support of those demands that they are incapable of initiating or endorsing. The independent working class agenda goes beyond the boundaries imposed by monopoly capital.

Whilst there is growing resentment in the working class to foreign control and selling off Australia, the ALP’s grip over union leadership and bureaucracy ensures these anti-imperialist sentiments in the working class don’t get out for too long and too far.  The ALP, no matter how honest and brave its supporters are, serves the interests of imperialism well.  

Dependence on parliament and the courts continues to be held up by most sections of the union leadership as the only “strategy” of resistance to attacks against workers and unions.  Whilst there has been some interest in unions creating more distance and independence from parliamentary parties it has been temporarily de-railed, coinciding with Bill Shorten’s ascent as leader of ALP opposition.

“Where is the ACTU?”, as many unionists and other sectors of the community are asking for real leadership.

The ruling class will continue to roll out the ABCC and other laws to chain down workers’ struggle.  Unions urgently need to pull together, unite and mobilise the entire union movement and develop long term strategies to challenge these outrageous anti-worker, fascist laws.

They must restore confidence in the strength and power of the awakened working class in action and stand up to immense pressure on the union movement from the ALP not to rebel and confront the status quo. 

Monopoly capital’s attacks on the organised working class will intensify and spread, with more manufacturing and jobs disappearing (except for a relatively short period still to come in construction jobs in major centres), casualisation, attacks on wages and conditions, privatisation and cuts to social services, welfare, education, health continue.

How will the organised working class deal with this?  The unions’ leadership is hoping Labor will get in and save them.  The working class itself has to break the chains that hold back struggle, and rally other sectors of the people around them. That will not be an easy task, but the cost of not doing it will be far greater.

Where does a revolutionary Communist Party sits in these conditions?

How can, and should, the Communist Party best serve the working class in the immediate struggles. How do we integrate the revolutionary Marxism into the struggles of the people.  Communists live, work and struggle with workers and working people every day.

We try to do our best in understanding and using the science of Marxism, not only to expose and explain the class relations of each struggle; but also to patiently explain and make connections between the immediate struggles and the main class relations and forces in Australian economic and political conditions. 

We need to continue our patient mass work, developing tactics and strategies with the people in the immediate struggles, recognising the protracted struggle we face, and seek every opportunity to build connections and organisation among the working class. 

Not every worker has the time or capacity to make a sustained study of Marx’s Capital.  But the politically and ideologically advanced workers who join the Communist Party discipline themselves to study just as they discipline themselves to get to work every day. They are the vanguard of the workers of Australia, its brain, its heart, its soul. 

All of Marx’s and Engels’ writings show how to approach the study of economics, politics, history and culture. Lenin, Stalin and Mao offer the revolutionary working class movement many valuable insights and experiences into the tactics and strategies of class struggle and the anti-imperialist struggle.  The writings of the founding Chairperson of the CPA (M-L), Ted Hill, soon to be available on a dedicated site, show the approach to be taken to the analysis of capitalism and imperialism in Australia and to the task of building a revolutionary party in Australian conditions.

The classics of Marxism-Leninism are not to be taken as some form of holy writ; rather, they are studied so that we can better grasp the method used by the great revolutionaries of the past in dealing with the problems of their day. We study so as to use those methods with confidence in the ability of the revolutionary working class to solve the problems of our own day, arising from situations that the classic teachers had not themselves encountered. 

Our task is to take those ideas forward, to create Australian revolutionary theory and organisation, embedded deep in practice amongst the Australian people, to get rid of this stinking, exploiting imperialist system of monopoly capitalism once and for all.

All comrades must prepare themselves for whatever unanticipated developments may arise.  We have said that monopoly capitalism is in crisis. A repeat of the Global Financial Crisis is not out of the question.  We have said that regional instability is growing and that US imperialism is unstable and beset with crisis. New wars are not out of the question.  The precise details cannot be predicted, but all must get prepared.

September 2016